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Student Safety Precautions

Adherence to the following rules is necessary for your health and safety, and for class discipline and teaching.


  1. No rings, watches, earrings, bracelets, necklaces or other jewelry will be worn.

  2. Do not chew gum, eat food or candy, or bring drinks other than water into the dojo.

  3. Keep finger and toe nails short.

  4. Wear a uniform that is clean and in good repair, and maintain a clean body.

  5. Always wear your assigned rank.

  6. Profanity, foul language, or any sign of disrespect will not be tolerated.

  7. Unless otherwise instructed, do not lean against walls, lie on the mat, or sit improperly.

  8. Horseplay will not be tolerated in the dojo.

  9. Do not eat at least 1 hour prior to class (2 hours preferred). Avoid foods with tomato sauce or high fat/oil content.

  10. The Martial Arts Code of Sportsmanship requires that higher ranks always assist lower ranks.

  11. Treat your training partner in the same manner you would like to be treated.

  12. Never display anger, bad temper, criticize, or ridicule others.

  13. The best liquid to replenish body fluid loss is water.

  14. Before practicing kicking and punching techniques, make sure the knees, ankles, elbows, wrists and shoulders are well warmed up.

  15. To prevent joint damage, avoid kicking or punching "the air" with power and speed.

  16. Know the location of the First Aid kit and emergency phone numbers (hospital, ambulance, doctor, police).

  17. Take care of minor injuries before they become major ones.

  18. All bleeding should be reported to the instructor.

  19. Participants should have regular physical examinations.


  1. Pay strict attention to the instructor and to the rules of the Art.

  2. Warm-up and cool-down periods are vital to prevent muscle and joint injuries.

  3. Giving way is not a sign of weakness, being macho is.

  4. Do not misuse your martial arts knowledge, inside or outside the Dojo.

  5. Be on time to practice.

  6. Avoid practicing any technique that has not been formally taught.

  7. Never use a technique which is beyond your capabilities.

  8. Exercise caution when applying throws, joint locks and neck restraints.

  9. When throwing, control and assist your partner to break fall.

  10. Forceful bending, wrenching or twisting joints must be avoided.

  11. All competition or sparring should be approved and supervised.

  12. Use control when sparring or applying techniques.


  1. Take proper care of the dojo's equipment and mats. Keep your dojo in good repair.
  2. Make sure safety equipment, and mats are in good repair before practicing.

Instructor Safety Precautions

Judo, unlike physical competitive sports, cannot be learned or practiced with the same vigor or forceful action.  Remember that while we include the sport aspect of Judo that the martial art  is not a sport and that it is an art, the primary purpose of which is self-defense.

The following safety precautions should be studied and adhered to constantly during instructional and practice periods.

At the outset, proper safety measures must be taken and the student must be impressed with the danger connected with the application of the techniques.

  1. At no time should a class be left unsupervised. Strict and constant supervision during instructional period is required. Absolutely NO horseplay is allowed.
  2. Many techniques are so dangerous that attack and defense in practice must be done slowly and with concern to prevent injury. Because many techniques cannot be carried out to their realistic conclusion, the student should use visualization to mentally finish the technique.
  3. Whenever a new technique is be taught, it should be worked first at slow motion, then accelerated as students show improvement.
  4. As new techniques are taught, the resultant damage they can cause should be clearly pointed out.
  5. After the student is impressed thoroughly with the possibilities of judo, he/she should be encouraged to practice the many different maneuvers. However, caution should be urged.
  6. Students acting as attackers should never resist while practicing. Active resistance results in injuries.
  7. Constantly warn of possible injuries if techniques are forcefully carried out.
  8. Always give a complete demonstration of each technique before allowing the class to use it. Point out the effects on an opponent under actual conditions. At the same time show how far one can go with a maneuver without causing injury.
  9. All students should participate in a minimum five minute, warm-up session. Bending, stretching, tugging, or twisting exercises are desirable. Special exercises that fit the techniques to be taught should be done.

If the above precautions are followed, risk of injury will be minimized. However there are occasions when, through confusion or lack of balance, a student might unwittingly injure another. Therefore, the instructor or a student in the class should know appropriate first aid and everyone should know how to call or get additional medical assistance.

All judo instructors should learn CPR and basic first aid. In addition the instructor should attend a training session on bloodborne pathogens and be vaccinated against the hepatitis B virus. Instructors may also want to study Kappo, the ancient art of resuscitation.

In the dojo there should be:

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