JuJitsu, unlike physical competitive sports, cannot be learned or practiced with the same vigor or forceful action. Remember that JuJitsu is not a sport and that it is an art, the primary purpose of which is self-defense.
The following safety precautions should be studied and adhered to constantly during instructional and practice periods.
At the outset, proper safety measures must be taken and the student must be impressed with the danger connected with the application of the techniques.
- At no time should a class be left unsupervised.
- Many techniques are so dangerous that attack and defense in practice must be done slowly and with concern to prevent injury.
- Whenever a new technique is be taught, it should be worked first at slow motion, then speeded up as students show improvement.
- As new techniques are taught, the resultant damage they can cause should be clearly pointed out.
- After the student is impressed thoroughly with the possibilities of JuJitsu, he/she should be encouraged to practice the many different maneuvers. However, caution should be urged.
- Strict and constant supervision of all classes during instructional period.
- Students acting as attackers should never resist while practicing. Active resistance results in injuries.
- Constantly warn of possible injuries if techniques are forcefully carried out.
- Always give a complete illustration of each technique before allowing the class to use it. Point out the effects on an opponent under actual conditions. At the same time it can be shown how far one can go with a maneuver without causing injury.
- All students should participate in a five minute, minimum, warm-up session. Bending, stretching, tugging, or twisting exercises are desirable. Special exercises that fit the techniques to be taught should be done.
If the above precautions are followed, risk of injury will be minimized. However there are occasions when, through confusion or lack of balance, a student might unwittingly injure another. Therefore the instructor or a student in the class should know appropriate first aid, and everyone should know how to call or get additional medical assistance.
All JuJitsu instructors should learn CPR and basic first aid. In addition the instructor should attend a training session on bloodborne pathogens and be vaccinated against the hepatitis B virus. Instructors may also want to study Kappo, the ancient art of resuscitation.
In the dojo there should be:
- an appropriate first aid kit,
- a bloodborne pathogens kit,
- water and bathroom facilities,
- posted policies concerning emergency procedures, and
- access to a telephone.
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